Τοξικά και ασφαλή δέντρα και φυτά για τους παπαγάλους μας

Συζήτηση με θέμα Τοξικά και ασφαλή δέντρα και φυτά για τους παπαγάλους μας, που ξεκίνησε από Sissy, στο Forum 'Φροντίδα, Εκπαίδευση Παπαγάλων' του PetBirds, 3 Σεπ 2015.

  1. Sissy

    Sissy PB Senior Member

    Ψάχνοντας βρήκα κάποιες ενδιαφέρουσες λίστες για ξύλα και φυτά τα οποία είναι κατάλληλα ή ακατάλληλα για τα κλουβιά των παπαγάλων μας.
    Οι λίστες είναι γραμμένες στην Αγγλική γλώσσα ή με Λατινικές ονομασίες, όποιος όμως ενδιαφέρεται ''θα βρει την άκρη''.

    Apple
    Different Opinions Have Been Voiced About The Toxicity Apple Trees. Sources Like Toxicologist Gillian Willis Indicate That Apple Is Safe: Others State That It May Be Toxic Part Of The Year. Pesticide Residue May Be The Cause Of The Confusion.

    Apples Are One Of The Most Widely Cultivated Tree Fruits. Leading Suppliers Of Apples Include China, United States, New Zealand, Turkey, France, Italy And Iran.
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    Pomegranate Wood
    Pomegranate Wood Has High Levels Of Tannins And Should Best Be Avoided. Even Though Birds Regularly Feed On Vegetation High In Tannins, It Is Unclear How Safe They Are At High Doses. Although Not Studied In Birds, Poisonous Symptoms In Humans Consist Of Giddiness, Confusion Of Thought, Muscular Weakness And Even Paralysis. Tannin Is Also A Known Carcinogenic. This Being Said The Bark Tastes Bitter And That May Stop Birds From Chewing On It - But I Just Wouldn't Feel Comfortable Recommending It.

    There Are Multiple Medicinal Properties With The Pomegranate Wood, Including Being An Effective Insecticide (Such As Being A Remedy For Tape Worms).

    Arbutus / Madrones
    Arbutus Is Native To Warm Temperate Regions Of The Mediterranean, Western Europe, And North America. North American Members Of The Genus Are Called Madrones. European Species Are Called Strawberry Trees. It Is Not Classified As An Evergreen Since Its Leaves Fall Off, Nor Is It Considered A Large Shrub With An Adult Height Of 5-25 Meters. It Has Red Or Brownish Bark That Peels Off Each Year As The Tree Grows, While The Trunk Of The Tree Is Smooth To The Touch. The Leaves Are Spirally Arranged, Oval To Broad Lanceolate, With A Serrated Or Entire Margin.

    The Flowers Are Bell-Shaped, 5–10 Mm Long, White, Yellow Or Pink, And Produced In Racemes Or Corymbs. The Fruit Is A Rough-Textured Red Or Orange-Red Berry 1–2 Cm In Diameter Containing Yellow-Flesh Fruit With Numerous, Very Small Seeds; The Fruit Is Edible But Has Minimal Flavor And Is Not Widely Eaten.

    The Fruit Will Dry Out And Turn Brown With Prickles Like Burs That Latch Onto Larger Animals For Migration To New Areas.

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    Aspen - Populus
    Aspens Stand 40-70 Feet In Height, With A Smooth White Trunk 1-2 Feet In Diameter.

    Leaves Are Rounded And Shine Bright Green Until They Turn Yellow In The Fall. Two-Inch Catkins Flower In Very Early Spring, Producing Small (0.25 Inch) Narrow Cones That Split To Release Copious Amounts Of Tiny, Cottony Seeds (Little 1980)

    Aspens Are A Major Tree Crop In The Great Lakes Region And In Western Canada. They Are The Most Widely Distributed Tree On The Continent.

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    Mountain Ash - Sorbus
    The Mountain Ash Tree Is A Small To Medium Fruit Tree That Grows Up To 50 Feet Tall. It Has A Light Grayish Bark And An Oval, Open Head At Maturity. It Produces Clusters Of White Flowers In Spring Followed By Bright, Long-Lasting, Clustered Orange-Red Berries In Fall That Attract Birds. The Deciduous Leaves Are Toothed And Pinnately Compound. They Are Dark, Dull Green In Summer And Yellow To Reddish In Fall.

    Not A True Ash Tree, The Mountain Ash Is More Closely Related To The Cherry Tree, In The Rose Family.

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    Beech Tree - Fagus
    Beech Trees Are Native To Temperate Europe And North America.

    The Leaves Of Beech Trees Are Entire Or Sparsely Toothed, From 5-15 Cm Long And 4-10 Cm Broad.

    The Flowers Are Small Single-Sex, Wind-Pollinated Catkins, Produced In Spring Shortly After The New Leaves Appear. The Bark Is Smooth And Light Gray. The Fruit Is A Small, Sharply 3-Angled Nut 10-15 Mm Long, Borne In Pairs In Soft-Spined Husks 1.5-2.5 Cm Long, Known As Cupules.

    The Nuts Are Edible, Though Bitter With A High Tannin Content.

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    Birch
    The Leaves And The Bark Of The Bird Tree Contain Salicylates And A Few Substances With Hemolytic Properties, Which Means That They Desroy Red Blood Cells. The Low Concentration Of Salicylates In The Barch Is Unlikely To Cause Toxicity In Birds. However, Removing The Bark Would Eliminate Any Exposure. Overall, Birch Should Be Considered Safe For Natural Wood Perches.


    Cedar
    Cedar Is Usually Listed As A "Safe Wood" And The Wood Is Said To Be Safe For Perches.

    However, Cedar Shavings May Contain Compounds That Can Cause Respiratory Problems And Other Serious Health Problems In Birds.

    If Cedar Is To Be Used, Red Cedar Should Be Avoided. Yellow And Sitka Cedar May Be Safe (But Couldn't Confirm)..

    Cedars Are Native To The Mountains Of The Western Himalaya And The Mediterranean Region, Occurring At Altitudes Of 1,500–3200 M In The Himalaya And 1,000–2,200 M In The Mediterranean.

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    Cherry
    The Cherry Tree Is A Controversial Source Of Wood. There Are Confirmed Cases Of Dogs And Of Horses Having Fatal Reactions To Eating Cherry Wood. However I Have Been Unable To Find Any Confirmed Report Of Bird Fatalities.

    According To Gillian's Page, The Sap Contains The Toxic Elements. If Cherry Is To Be Used It Should Be Dry, Debarked And Any Traces Of Sap Removed.

    Fresh Cherry, Foliage Or Bark, Should Never Be Given To Birds.

    However, Clive From Auckland, New Zealand Reports As Follows: "I Have Seen Our Native Tuhi AndEastern Rosella Or Rainbow Lorikeet Feeding On The Cherry Blossoms, To The Point I Would Say They Were "Pigging Out."

    One Advice Derived From That: If You See Local Birds Regularly Feeding On Parts Of A Plant / Tree, It Should GENERALLY Be Safe For Birds. Exceptions To This Rule May Exist.


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    Dogwood - Cornus
    Most Species Have Opposite Leaves And A Few Have Alternate.

    The Fruit Of All Species Is A Drupe With One Or Two Seeds.

    Flowers Have Four Parts.

    The Fruit Of Several Species In The Subgenera Cornus And Benthamidia Is Edible, Though Without Much Flavor.

    The Berries Of Those In Subgenus Swida Are Mildly Toxic To People, Though Readily Eaten By Birds


    Citrus (Lime, Kumquat, Grapefruit, Lemon, Orange). A Few Sources List Them As Questionable (Orange In Particular). Some Hypothesize That This Is Because These Trees Are Often Treated With Insecticides. As With Any Wood - If They Were Treated With Chemicals They Can Be Toxic To Birds, No Matter What Kind Of Tree It Is.
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    Cottonwood - Populus
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    Crabapple - Malus
    NOTE: Remove Crabapple SEEDS That Are Considered Toxic.

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    Elm Trees

    The Elm Tree (Ulmusis) Is Considered Safe For Birds. However, Elm Trees Are Often Chemically Treated To Control The Dutch Elm Disease They Are Susceptible To. For This Reason, You May Want To Avoid Elm Trees. If This Is A Convenient Wood For You To Use, It's Recommended For You To Call Your City's Urban Forestry Department To Find Out If Street Trees Are Sprayed Or Injected. If The Area The Tree Is In Is Maintained By A Company, Ask If Anything Is Sprayed, Or If Systemic Products Have Been Used.

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    Eucalyptus
    Eucalyptus Branches Are Popular "Chew Branches" Amongst Aviculturists. It Is Best To Remove Eucalyptus Leaves As They May Be Contaminated With Aspergillosis Spores.

    It Has Also Been Stated That There Might A Potential Toxicity As Far As The Seeds And Leaves Are Concerned. Plant Experts Provide Contradictory Information Probably Due To The Fact That There Are So Many Different Eucalyptus Species In Existence (Close To A Thousand). Not All Have Been Tested For Toxicities. Most Are Likely To Contain Some Chemicals That Could Cause Digestive Issues For Those Sensitive To Those Chemicals. Even The More Toxic Species Probably Aren't Toxic Enough To Be Considered Really Dangerous Plants. Although I Did Hear Of One Parrot Poisoning After Eating Eucalyptus Seeds, While Many Others Are Eating These Without Any Problems.

    • Many Breeders Have Been Using Various Eucalyptus Species In Their Aviaries And Flights Without Any Problems (Including Myself)
    • Dr. Rob Marshall, A Renowned And Well-Published Avian Vet And Breeder In Australia, Writes As Follows: "The Wild Budgerigar Has Evolved Alongside The Eucalypt Tree And Over A Million Years Has Developed An Intimate Bond With The Tree And Its Leaves. Wet Eucalypt Leaves Excite And Invigorate Both The Wild And Aviary Budgerigar Into A Frenzy Of Joy. They Love To Bath In The Wet Leaves And Breeding Hens Destructively Chew The Bark Searching For Trace Elements And Lysine, The Breeding Protein. The Eucalyptus Oil From The Leaves Has Medicinal Properties That Stimulate The Immune System And Promote A Strong Natural Resistance To Disease."
    • Please Note That Eucalyptus Essential Oil Is Another Story. They Concentrate Secondary Chemicals Into A Medicinal Oil, Thus Increasing The Toxic Effect. Eucalyptus Essential Oil Is Non-Edible And Poisonous To Humans (If Ingested) And Should NOT Be Used On Or Around Birds.
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    Fir - Abies
    Firs (Abies) Are Evergreen Conifers That Reach Heights Of 10-80 M (30-260 Ft) Tall And Trunk Diameters Of 0.5-4 M (2-12 Ft) When Mature.

    Firs Can Be Distinguished From Other Members Of The Pine Family By Their Needle-Like Leaves, Attached To The Twig By A Base That Resembles A Small Suction Cup; And By Erect, Cylindrical Cones 5-25 Cm (2-10 In) Long That Disintegrate At Maturity To Release The Winged Seeds

    Firs Are Found Through Much Of North And Central America, Europe, Asia, And North Africa, Occurring In Mountains Over Most Of The Range.

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    Guava
    Guavas Are Tropical Shrubs And Small Trees That Are Native To Mexico, The Caribbean, Central America And Northern South America.

    The Tough Dark Leaves Are Elliptic To Ovate And 5-15 Cm Long. The Flowers Are White, With Five Petals And Numerous Stamens. The Fruit Are Juicy.

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    Hawthorn - Crataegus
    The Common Hawthorn Is Native To Europe, Northwest Africa And Western Asia.

    It Is A Broadly Spreading Shrub Or Small Tree 5-14 M Tall, With A Dense Crown. The Bark Is Dull Brown With Vertical Orange Cracks. The Younger Stems Bear Sharp Thorns, 1 To 1.5cm Long. The Leaves Are 2-4 Cm Long, Obovate And Deeply Lobed, Sometimes Almost To The Midrib, With The Lobes Spreading At A Wide Angle. The Upper Surface Is Dark Green Above And Paler Underneath.

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    Hibiscus
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    This Genus Includes Both Annual And Perennial Herbaceous Plants, And Woody Shrubs And Small Trees. It Is A Safe (Even Medicinal) Plant And Wood For Parrots Who Enjoy Stripping And Chewing It. Every Part Of The Plant, Including Their Leaves, Buds And Branches, Is Safe. Many Parrots Also Love Eating The Hibiscus Blossoms, Which Are Very Nutritious And Are Part Of Many Parrots' Natural Diet. It Is Important To Choose Hibiscus Wood And Flowers That Hasn't Been Sprayed (Pesticides, Insecticides, Etc.). Hibiscus Tree Branches Also Make Excellent Perches. Choose Branches Of An Appropriate Size And Shape For The Size Of Your Parrot.

    The Garden Shrub Rose Of Sharon, The Vegetable Okra And The Garden Flower Hollyhock Also Belong To Mallow Or Malvaceae Family And Are Safe To Give To Parrots As Well.

    The Only Toxic Member In The Whole Family Is The Cotton Plant, Which Contains A Toxin Called Gossypol And Is Not Safe For Birds.

    Larch - Larix
    Larch Is Listed As A Safe Wood. It Is A Deciduous Conifer That Looses Its Needles In The Winter. The Needles Are Attached In Little Clusters On Pegs Like Little Tufts. Refer To The Image To The Right.

    Be Careful Not To Confuse This Conifer With The Dawn Redood, Which Is Also A Deciduous Conifer. The Difference Is That Its Needles Are Attached To The Twigs Individually And Somewhat Two-Ranked On Either Side Of The Twig. Initially, New Spring Growth Looks Like Little Tufts, But These Elongate Into Tiny Mini-Twigs Lined With Ranks Of Individual Needles. The Safety Of Dawn Redwood Has Not Been Ascertained And, Therefore, It Is Best To Avoid Using It.

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    Madrone / Madrona- Arbutus
    The Leathery Leaves Are Ovate And Dark, Shiny Green Above; Paler Green Below. The Fragrant Flowers Are A Magnet For Hummingbirds Which Can Sometimes Swarm A Heavily Flowering Tree. Other Birds Love The Bright Red-Orange Berries That Often Last Till Christmas.It Is The Incredible Bark - In The Early Spring It Looks Like Pale Green Human Skin Which Slowly Turns Flesh Hues And Then Tan. In The Summer It Becomes Flushed With Bright Orange And Red Tones, Turning A Rich Mahogany In Autumn. Then It Begins To Crack And Peel In Fantastic Shapes Through The Winter, Revealing New Skin In The Spring. It Is Always Changing.
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    Magnolia

    CSUF Biologist And Agronomists Could Not See Any Reason To Consider The Magnolia Tree Dangerous (It Is Not A Known Toxic Plant), But The Safety Of This Tree Has Not Been Proven As Of This Time.

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    Mango
    The Fruits Are Safe, But The Wood, Leaves And Rind Might Not Be. The Tree's Sap Is Extremely Abrasive And Causes Burning Sensations And Irritation. The Exact Harm It Could Do To Chewing Birds Is Not Known At This Time. Best To Avoid.

    Manzanita - Arctostaphylos
    Manzanita Wood Is One Of The Favorite Woods Used By Pet Owners And Aviculturists For Their Birds - Especially Larger Birds That Easily Destroy Softer Woods. The Branches Make Great, Long-Lasting Perches.

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    Maple
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    Sycamore, Thurlow Tree And Vine Maple Are Listed As Safe For Birds, While Red Maple (Featured To The Far Right) Is Listed As "Toxic" On Some Lists. Concerns Have Been Raised That Even Though The Bark Itself Is Not Deemed Toxic, It Can Harbor A Fungus That, When Inhaled, Can Cause The Maple Bark Disease (Form Of Allergic Alveolitis).

    Maple Wood - Most In General - Should Be Safe To Use For Natural Wood Perches Once The Bark Is Removed.

    One Toxicologist Wrote That "Maple Seeds And Sugar-Rich Young Leaves Are Edible Except To Horses." Wilted And Dry, Not Fresh, Maple Leaves Produce An Oxidant Which Has Caused Hemolytic Anemia,Renal Failure, Pulmonary Edema And Death In Horses.

    Caution Is Advised, Although Many Seem To Agree That Maple Is Generally Safe And Red Maple If You Remove The Bark.

    Mulberry - Morus

    Mulberry (Morus) Is Native To Warm, Temperate, And Subtropical Regions Of Asia, Africa, And The Americas.

    Mulberries Are Fast-Growing When Young, But Soon Become Slow-Growing And Rarely Exceed 10-15 M Tall. The Leaves Are Alternately Arranged, Simple, Often Lobed, More Often Lobed On Juvenile Shoots Than On Mature Trees, And Serrated On The Margin. The Fruit Is A Multiple Fruit, 2-3 Cm Long. Mulberries Begin As White To Pale Yellow With Pink Edges. They Are Red When Ripening. A Fully Ripened Mulberry Is Dark Purple To Black, Edible, And Sweet.

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    Norfolk Island Pine

    Scientific Name: Araucaria Heterophylla; Toxic Principle: Non-Toxic - (Ref.: OSU Center For Veternary Health Sciences)

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    Nut
    (Except Chestnut And Oak) - NOTE: Wood Only - Avoid Foliage And Acorns)
    The Bark Of Cork Oak Is Safe For Consumption.

    The Cork Oak Is A Safe Wood To Leave The Bark On. Cork Oak Has Very Low Levels Of Tannin (Far Lower Then Other Oaks) And The Bark Is Just What The Name Says 'Cork"

    Cork Oak Is Originally From Southern Europe And Is The Source Of All Natural Cork.

    There Is A Similar Species Found Native To North America, The Prairie Oak A Variety Of Live Oak Is Found Throughout The Great Plains And East To Ohio. It Has A Very Thick Cork Like Bark - But The Safety Of This Species Is Unknown.

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    Palm
    Areca, Date, Fan, Lady, Parlour, Howeia, Kentia, Phoenix, Sago
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    Papaya
    The Papaya Is Native To The Tropics Of The Americas.

    It Is A Large Tree-Like Plant, The Single Stem Growing From 5 To 10 M Tall, With Spirally Arranged Leaves Confined To The Top Of The Trunk; The Lower Trunk Is Conspicuously Scarred Where Leaves And Fruit Were Borne. The Leaves Are Large, 50-70 Cm Diameter, Deeply Palmately Lobed With 7 Lobes. The Tree Is Usually Unbranched If Unlopped. The Flowers Are Similar In Shape To The Flowers Of The Plumeria But Are Much Smaller And Wax Like. They Appear On The Axils Of The Leaves, Maturing Into The Large 15-45 Cm Long, 10-30 Cm Diameter Fruit.

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    Pear
    This Is A Controversial One. Some Sources List The Pear Tree As Potentially Toxic.
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    Pine
    Pine And Cedar Shavings May Contain Compounds That Can Cause Serious Health Problems, Including Respiratory Problems. So It Is Not Recommended To Be Used As Bedding Or Cage Litter. However, The Wood Is Said To Be Safe For Perch Wood.
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    Poplar - Populus

    The Poplars Are Medium-Sized To Large Or Very Large Deciduous Trees, Growing To 15–50 M Tall, With Trunks Up To 2.5 M Diameter.

    The Bark On Young Trees Is Smooth, White To Greenish Or Dark Grey, Often With Conspicuous Lenticels; On Old Trees It Remains Smooth In Some Species, But Becomes Rough And Deeply Fissured In Others. The Shoots Are Stout, With (Unlike In The Related Willows) The Terminal Bud Present. The Leaves Are Spirally Arranged, And Vary In Shape From Triangular To Circular Or Lobed, And With A Long Petiole. Leaf Size Is Very Variable Even On A Single Tree, Typically With Small Leaves On Side Shoots, And Very Large Leaves On Strong-Growing Lead Shoots. The Leaves Often Turn Bright Gold To Yellow Before They Fall During Autumn. Poplars Of The Cottonwood Section Are Often Wetlands Or Riparian Trees.

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    Prune Tree

    Sometimes Listed As Toxic. Discuss With Vet.

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    Ribbon Wood
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    Sassafras
    This Plant Is Found In Eastern United States, From Canada To Florida, And Mexico.

    The Tree Stands From 20 To 40 Feet High, With Many Slender Branches, And Smooth, Orange-Brown Bark. The Leaves Are Broadly Oval, Alternate, And 3 To 7 Inches Long. The Flowers Are Small, And Of An Inconspicuous, Greenish-Yellow Color. The Roots Are Large And Woody, Their Bark Being Soft And Spongy, Rough, And Reddish Or Greyish-Brown In Color. The Living Bark Is Nearly White, But Exposure Causes Its Immediate Discoloration.

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    Sugar Maples

    The Sugar Maple Is Native To The Hardwood Forests Of Northeastern North America, From Nova Scotia West To Southern Ontario, And South To Georgia And Texas.

    This Tree Normally Reaching Heights Of 25–35 M Tall.

    The Leaves Are Deciduous, 8-15 Cm Long And Equally Wide With Five Palmate Lobes. In Autumn The Leaves Turn Bright Yellow, But Ranging From Bright Yellow Through Orange To Fluorescent Red-Orange. The Leaf Buds Are Pointy And Brown Colored. The Flowers Are In Corymbs Of 5-10 Together, Yellow-Green And Without Petals; Flowering Occurs In Early Spring After 30-55 Growing Degree Days. The Seeds Fall From The Tree In Autumn.

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    Grape Vines
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    Grape Vines Are Grown In Spain, France, Italy, Turkey, United States, Iran, Romania, Portugal, Argentina, Australia And England.

    Willows

    Willows Are Found Primarily On Moist Soils In Cold And Temperate Regions Of The Northern Hemisphere. Willows Are Very Cross-Fertile And Numerous Hybrids Occur, Both Naturally Occurring And In Cultivation. A Well Known Example Is The Weeping Willow (Salix × Sepulcralis), Very Widely Planted As An Ornamental Tree, Which Is Derived From Hybridisation Between The Chinese Peking Willow And The European White Willow.

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    Unsafe Wood / Not Recommended for Perches

    Below is a list of indoor and outdoor plants and trees which are hazardous to birds. It has been gathered from various sources and is not complete.

    - Apple (Controversial - Some Say It's Safe. Refer To Above. Discuss With Your Vet)
    - Apricot
    - Arbutus
    - Ash (Mountain Ash Is Listed As Safe On Many Lists)
    - Cherry (Controversial - Some Say It's Safe. Refer To Above. Discuss With Your Vet)

    - Nectarine
    - Peach
    - Plum
    - Prune (Controversial Again - Sometimes Listed As Toxic, Other Times As Safe - Discuss With Vet)
    - Red Cedar

    πηγή

    SAFE BRANCHES
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    The following materials are notsafe if toxic chemicals or insectides have been sprayed on them. Before installing them in any cage, scrub all branches with a non-toxic disinfectant such as vinegar, then rinse and dry well.
    ASPEN
    ASH
    BALSAM
    (DOUGLAS, SUBALPINE, WHITE FIR)
    BEECH
    BIRCH
    CITRUS (ANY)
    DOGWOOD
    DRAGONWOOD
    ELM
    EUCALYPTUS
    GUAVA
    LILAC
    MADRONA
    MAGNOLIA
    MANZANITA
    MAPLE (except for RED MAPLE)
    NUT (EXCEPT
    CHESTNUT & OAK)
    PAPAYA
    PINE
    POPLAR
    PRUNE
    RIBBONWOOD
    SASSAFRAS
    SPRUCE
    (BLACK, NORWAY, RED, WHITE)
    SYCAMORE
    THURLOW
    VINE MAPLE
    WILLOWS:
    (GOAT, PUSSY &
    WEEPING)

    SAFE FOLIAGE
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    ACACIA
    AFRICAN VIOLET
    ALOE
    AMERICAN BITTERSWEET
    ARECA PALM
    AUSTRALIAN LAUREL
    AUTUMN OLIVE
    BABY'S TEARS
    BAMBOO
    BARBERRY
    BAYBERRY
    BEGONIA
    BIRD'S NEST FERN
    BLADDERNUT
    BLUEBERRY
    BOSTON FERN
    BOTTLE BRUSH FERN
    BOUGAINVILLEA
    CANARY ISLAND PALM
    CHICKWEED
    CHRISTMAS CACTUS
    CISSUS (KANGAROO
    VINE)
    COFFEE TREE
    COLEUS
    COMFREY
    CORALBERRY
    CORN PLANT
    COTONEASTER FIRETHORN
    CRABAPPLE
    CREEPING FIG
    DANDELION
    DANISH IVY
    DOGWOOD
    DONKEY TAIL
    DRACAENA VARIETIES
    DRAGON TREE
    ELDERBERRY:
    (COMMON, EUROPEAN, RED)
    EUROPEAN FAN PALM
    FERNS: (BIRD'S NEST,
    BOSTON, MAIDENHAIR, MING, MOTHER)
    FIGS: (CREEPING,
    RUBBER,
    FIDDLE LEAF, LAUREL
    LEAF)
    FLAME NETTLE
    GARDENIA
    GRAPE IVY
    HAWAIIAN SCHEFFLER
    HEN AND CHICKENS
    HUCKLEBERRY
    IMPATIENS
    INDIAN LAUREL
    JADE PLANT
    KALANCHOE
    KANGAROO VINE
    LACE FERN
    LADY PALM
    MAGNOLIA
    MARIGOLDS
    MONKEY PLANT
    MOTHER-IN-LAW
    NASTURTIUM
    NATAL PLUM
    NORFOLK ISLAND PINE
    ORCHIDS
    PALMS: (ARECA, DATE,
    FAN, LADY, PARADISE, PARLOUR,
    HOWEIA, KENTIA,
    PHOWNIX)
    PEPPEROMIA
    PETUNIA
    PITTOSPORUM
    PRAYER PLANT
    PURPLE PASSION
    PYRACANTHA
    RASPBERRY
    ROSE
    RUBBER PLANT
    SENSITIVE PLANT
    SNAKE PLANT
    SPIDER PLANT
    SWEDISH IVY
    THISTLE
    UMBRELLA TREE
    VELVET NETTLE
    VIBURNUM
    WANDERING JEW
    WAX PLANT
    WHITE CLOVER
    YUCCA
    ZEBRA PLANT
    ZINNIA

    TOXIC PLANTS
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    ARUM LILY
    AMARYLLIS
    APRICOT TREE
    ARALIA
    ARROWHEAD VINE
    AUTUMN CROCUS
    AUSTRALIAN
    FLAMETREE
    AUSTRALIAN
    UMBRELLA TREE
    AVOCADO
    AZALEA
    BANEBERRY
    BEANS: (CASTOR,
    HORSE, FAVA,
    BROAD, GLORY,
    SCARLET RUNNER,
    MESCAL, NAVY,
    PREGATORY
    BIRD OF PARADISE
    BISHOP'S WEED
    BLACK LAUREL
    BLACK LOCUST
    BLEEDING HEART OR
    DUTCHMAN'S
    BREECHES
    BLOODROOT
    BLUEBONNET
    BLUEGREEN ALGAE
    BOXWOOD
    BRACKEN FERN
    BUCKTHORN
    BULB FLOWERS:
    (AMARYLLIS,
    DAFFODIL,
    NARCISSUS,
    HYACINTH &
    IRIS)
    BURDOCK
    BUTTERCUP
    CACAO
    CALLA LILY
    CAMEL BUSH
    CASTOR BEAN
    CALADIUM
    CANA LILY
    CARDINAL FLOWER
    CHALICE (TRUMPET
    VINE)
    CHERRY TREE
    CHINA BERRY TREE
    CHRISTMAS CANDLE
    CHRISTMAS CHERRY
    CLEMATIS (VIRGINIA
    BOWER)
    CLIVIA
    COCKLEBUR
    COFFEE (SENNA)
    COFFEE BEAN
    (RATTLEBUSH,
    RATTLE BOX &
    COFFEEWEED
    CORAL PLANT
    CORIANDER
    CORNCOCKLE
    COYOTILLO
    COWSLIP
    CUTLEAF PHILODENDRON
    DAFFODIL
    DAPHNE
    DATURA STRAMONIUM
    (ANGEL'S TRUMPET)
    DEATH CAMUS
    DELPHINIUM
    DEVIL'S IVY
    DIEFFENBACHIA
    (DUMB CANE)
    EGGPLANT
    ELDERBERRY
    ELEPHANT EAR (TARO)
    ENGLISH IVY
    ERGOT
    EUCALYPTUS (DRIED,
    DYED OR TREATED
    IN FLORAL
    ARRANGEMENTS)
    EUONYMUS (SPINDLE
    TREE)
    EUPHORBIA CACTUS
    FALSE HELLEBORE
    FLAME TREE
    FELT PLANT
    (MATERNITY, AIR &
    PANDA PLANTS)
    FIG (WEEPING)
    FIRE THORN
    FLAMINGO FLOWER
    FOUR O'CLOCK
    FOXGLOVE
    GLOTTIDIUM
    GOLDEN CHAIN
    GRASS: (JOHNSON,
    SORGHUM, SUDAN &
    BROOM CORN)
    GROUND CHERRY
    HEATHS: (KALMIA,
    LEUCOTHO, PEIRES,
    RHODODENDRON, MTN.
    LAUREL, BLACK LAUREL,
    ANDROMEDA & AZALEA)
    HELIOTROPE
    HEMLOCK: (POISON &
    WATER)
    HENBANE
    HOLLY
    HONEYSUCKLE
    HORSE CHESTNUT
    HORSE TAIL
    HOYA
    HYACINTH
    HYDRANGEA
    IRIS
    IVY: (ENGLISH & OTHERS)
    JACK-IN-THE-PULPIT
    JASMINE (JESSAMINE)
    JERUSALEM CHERRY
    JIMSONWEED
    JUNIPER
    KY. COFFEE TREE
    LANTANA (RED SAGE)
    LARKSPUR
    LILY OF THE VALLEY
    LILY, ARUM
    LOBELIA
    LOCOWEED (MILK
    VETCH)
    LOCUSTS, BLACK/
    HONEY
    LORDS & LADIES
    (CUCKOOPINT)
    LUPINE
    MALANGA
    MARIJUANA (HEMP)
    MAYAPPLE
    (MANDRAKE)
    MEXICAN BREADFRUIT
    MEXICAN POPPY
    MILKWEED, COTTON
    BUSH
    MISTLETOE
    MOCK ORANGE
    MONKSHOOD
    MOONSEED
    MORNING GLORY
    MTN. LAUREL
    MUSHROOMS,
    AMANITA
    MYRTLE
    NARCISSUS
    NECTARINE TREE
    NETTLES
    NIGHTSHADES:
    (DEADLY, BLACK,
    GARDEN, WOODY,
    BITTERSWEET,
    EGGPLANT,
    JERUSALEM CHERRY)
    OAK
    OLEANDER
    OXALIS
    PARSLEY
    PEACE LILY
    PEACH TREE
    PERIWINKLE
    PHILODENDRONS:
    (SPLIT LEAF, SWISS
    CHEESE, HEART-LEAF)
    PIGWEED
    PLUM TREE
    POINCIANA
    POINSETTIA
    POISON IVY
    POISON HEMLOCK
    POISON OAK:
    (WESTERN & EASTERN)
    POKEWEED
    POTATO SHOOTS
    POTHOS
    PRIVET
    PYRACANTHA
    RAIN TREE
    RANUNCULUS,
    BUTTERCUP
    RAPE
    RATTLEBOX,
    CROTALARIA
    RED MAPLE
    RED SAGE (LANTANA)
    REDWOOD TREE
    RHUBARB LEAVES
    RHODODENDRONS
    ROSARY PEA SEEDS
    SAGO PALM
    SAND BOX TREE
    SCHEFFLERA
    SKUNK CABBAGE
    SORREL (DOCK)
    SNOW DROP
    SPURGES: (PENCIL
    TREE, SNOW-ON-MTN,
    CANDELABRA,
    CROWN OF THORNS)
    STAR OF BETHLEHEM
    SWEET PEA
    SWISS CHEESE PLANT
    (MONSTERA)
    TANSY RAGWORT
    TOBACCO
    TOMATO STEMS, LEAVES
    UMBRELLA PLANT
    VETCH: HAIRY/COMMON
    VIRGINIA CREEPER
    WATTLE
    WEEPING FIG
    WHITE CEDAR, CHINA
    BERRY
    WISTERIA
    YEWS
    YELLOW JASMINE

    HOUSEHOLD TOXINS
    [​IMG]
    [​IMG]

    ALCOHOLIC DRINKS
    AMMONIA
    ANTIFREEZE
    ANT SYRUP or PASTE
    ARSENIC
    ASBESTOS
    AUTO PRODUCTS
    BATHROOM CLEANERS
    BLEACH
    BORIC ACID
    CAMPHOPHENIQUE
    CARBON MONOXIDE
    CARPET CLEANERS
    CARPET FRESHENERS
    CHARCOAL FLUIDS
    CHLORDANE
    CHLORINE
    CIGARETTE SMOKE
    CLINITEST TABLETS
    COPPER/BRASS CLEANER
    CORN & WART REMOVER
    DEODORANTS
    DETERGENTS
    DIAZINON
    DISINFECTANTS
    DRAIN CLEANERS
    EPOXY GLUE
    FELT TIP MARKERS
    FLEA PRODUCTS
    FLOOR POLISH
    FORMALDEHYDE
    FURNITURE POLISH
    GARDEN SPRAYS
    GASOLINE
    GUN CLEANERS
    HAIR DYES & SPRAYS
    HERBICIDES
    INSECTICIDES
    IODINE
    KEROSENE
    LIGHTER FLUID
    LYE
    MATCHES
    MELALEUCA OIL
    MODEL CEMENT
    MOTHBALLS
    MURIATIC ACID
    MUSHROOMS
    NAILPOLISH/REMOVER
    NITROGEN DIOXIDE
    OVEN CLEANER
    OVERHEATED NON-STICK
    COOKWARE
    PAINT & THINNER
    PERFUME
    PERMANENTS(HAIR)
    PESTICIDES
    PHOTO SOLUTIONS
    PINE OIL
    RX DRUGS
    RODENTICIDES
    RUBBING ALCOHOL
    SCENTED CANDLES
    SHAVING LOTION
    SHELLAC
    SHOE POLISH
    SNAIL BAIT
    SPOT REMOVERS
    SPRAY STARCH
    STRYCHNINE
    SULFURIC ACID
    SUPER GLUE
    SUNTAN LOTIONS/OILS
    SURGICAL ACRYLICS
    TEA TREE OIL
    TURPENTINE
    WAX
    WEED KILLERS
    WINDOW CLEANERS
    WOOD PRESERVATIVES

    πηγή

    Acacia Safe
    Almond Safe
    Apple Safe
    Apricot Unsafe
    Arbutus Safe
    Ash Safe
    Aspen Safe
    Bamboo Safe
    Beech Safe
    Birch Safe
    Bois d'arc Unsafe
    Box Elder Toxic
    Cherry Unsafe
    Chinese Popcorn Toxic
    Chinese snake tree Toxic
    Chinese Tallow Toxic
    Citrus Safe
    Cork Oak Safe
    Cottonwood Safe
    Crab Apple Safe
    Crepe Myrtle Toxic
    Dogwood Safe
    Elm Safe
    Eucalyptus Unsafe
    Fig Safe
    Fir Safe
    Fruitless Mulberry Safe
    Ginkgo Safe
    Grape Vines Safe
    Grape Palm Safe
    Guava Safe
    Hackberry Safe
    Hawthorn Safe
    Hazelnut Safe
    Hemlock Toxic
    Hibiscus Safe
    Hickory Safe
    Holly Toxic
    Horse Apple Unsafe
    Ironwood Safe
    Larch Safe
    Laurel Toxic
    Lilac Safe
    Liquidamber Safe
    Madrona Safe
    Magnolia Safe
    Manzanita Safe
    Maple Safe
    Mediterranean Laurel Safe
    Mesquite Safe
    Mimosa Safe
    Mulberry Safe
    Nectarine Unsafe
    Norfolk Island Pine Safe
    Oak Safe
    Palm Safe
    Papaya Safe
    Peach Unsafe
    Pear Safe
    Pecan Safe
    Pine Safe
    Pitch pine Toxic
    Plum Unsafe
    Poplar Safe
    Prune Unsafe
    Redwood Toxic
    Ribbonwood Safe
    Rose Safe
    Sassafras Safe
    Sequoia Unsafe
    Sitka cedar Unsafe
    Spruce Safe
    Sumac (Rhus/Toxicodendron) Toxic
    Sweet Gum Safe
    Sycamore Safe
    Thurlow Safe
    Tree Fern Safe
    Umbrella Tree Safe
    Vine Maple Safe
    Walnut Safe
    Willow Safe
    Yellow cedar Unsafe
    Yew Toxic

    πηγή

    Bad wood

    ALDER - red alder -see Alder Buckthorn paragraph
    ANDROMEDA -Pieris, Lily of the Valley shrub
    APRICOT
    ARROWHEAD VINE
    AUSTRALIAN FLAME TREE
    AUSTRALIAN UMBRELLA TREE
    AVACADO
    AZALEA - Related to Rhododendron
    BANEBERRY - Actaea
    BEANS -castor, horse, fava, broad, glory, scarlet runner
    BLACK LOCUST - Robinia
    BOX ELDER
    BOXWOOD - Buxus
    BUCKTHORN - Cascara / Alder Buckthorn - see chapter
    BRACKEN FERN
    BURDOCK
    CACAO
    CAMEL BUSH - Trichodesma
    CANARY BIRD BUSH - Crotalaria
    CANNABIS
    CASTOR BEAN
    CEDAR - Thuja, Chamaecyparis, Cupressus
    CHALICE - trumpet vine
    CHERRY see comments below
    CHINA BERRY TREE - Melia / Texas umbrella tree
    CHINESE MAGNOLIA - uncertain for safety
    CHINESE POPCORN / TALLOW
    CHINESE SNAKE TREE - Laquer plant
    COMMON SAGE
    CORIANDER - Cilantro
    DATURA
    DAPHNE - it's the berries
    DATURA STRAMONIUM - Brugmansia - angel's trumpet
    DIEFFENBACHIA
    ELDERBERRY
    EUONYMUS - Includes burning bush and more
    EUPHORBIA
    FELT PLANT - Kalancho baharensis
    FLAME TREE
    FIRETHORN - Pyracantha
    FLAME TREE - Brachychiton / Sterculia
    FOXGLOVE - Digitalis (pharmaceutical source)
    GOLDEN CHAIN TREE - Laburnum
    GROUND CHERRY
    CROWN OF THORNS
    HEATHS
    HEMLOCK - Tsuga
    HOLLY - Ilex
    HONEY LOCUST - Gleditsia
    HORSE CHESTNUT - Aesculus
    HUCKLEBERRY - leaves bad: evergreen & deciduous
    HYDRANGEA
    JASMINE
    JUNIPER - Juniperus
    KALMIA: also called Mountain Laurel
    KENTUCKY COFFEE TREE
    LANTANA - red sage
    LAUREL - Prunus
    LEUCOTHOE
    LUPINE
    MANGO - (fruit okay: not wood or leaves)
    MEXICAN BREADFRUIT
    MOCK ORANGE - Philadelphus
    MONSTERA - big hunker of a house plant
    MOUNTAIN LAUREL - Kalmia latifolia
    MYRTLE - broadleaf evergreen, not crape myrtle
    NECTARINE
    NUTMEG
    OAK - Quercus - all parts / tannins
    MISTLETOE
    OLEANDER
    PEACH
    PEAR - some sources lean toward safe
    PENCILTREE
    PITCH PINE
    PLUM
    PRARIE OAK - safety uncertain
    PRIVET
    RAIN TREE
    RED MAPLE - see Maple paragraph
    RED SAGE - Lantana
    REDWOOD - Sequiadendron, Metasequoia, Sequoia
    RHODODENDRON
    RHUBARB
    SAND BOX TREE - sap was used to poison fish
    SKIMMIA - entire plant: stem, berry, leaves
    SOLANUM - Jerusalem cherry or pepino
    SOPHORA - includes Japanese pagoda tree
    SUMAC - not all sumacs are bad: see paragraphs
    TOBACCO
    TANSY
    TOMATO
    UMBRELLA TREE
    WALNUT
    WEEPING FIG - Ficus benjamina > Ficus elastica safe
    WHITE CEDAR - China
    WITCH HAZEL - Hamamelis
    WISTERIA
    YEW - Taxus


    Safe wood

    ACACIA - Silk Tree would be in this group
    APPLE -
    (Insecticide residue likely cause
    for periodic issues)
    AILANTHUS - Tree of Heaven
    ALDER - white alder -
    (See paragraph about
    Alder / Buckthorn)
    ALMOND
    ARALIA - Fatsia japonica
    ASH - Fraxinus
    ASPEN - Populus
    BAMBOO
    BARBERRY- Berberis
    BIRCH - see paragraph
    BEECH - Fagus
    BOIS D'ARC - horse apple tree
    BOTTLE BRUSH
    BUTTERFLY BUSH
    CAMELLIA
    CITRUS -
    (lime, kumquat, grapefruit, orange, lemon)
    CORK -
    (not wood from cork oak, but cork)
    CORN PLANTS
    COTTONWOOD - Populus
    CRABAPPLE - Malus
    CRAPE MYRTLE -
    (not the same as myrtle)
    DATE
    DOGWOOD - Cornus
    DOUGLAS FIR - Pseudotsuga
    DRACAENA
    ELM - Ulmus
    ESCALLONIA
    EUCALYPTUS
    FIG
    FIR - genus Abies
    GINKGO
    GRAPE VINES
    GRAPE PALM
    GUAVA
    HACKBERRY
    HAWTHORN - Crataegus
    HIBISCUS
    HICKORY
    IRONWOOD - apparently toxic leaves
    JADE PLANT
    KALANCHOE
    LARCH - Larix
    LILAC - Syringa
    MADRONA / MADRONE - Arbutus
    MAGNOLIA
    MAPLE - Acer - see Maple Paragraph
    MANZANITA - Arctostaphylos
    MESQUITE - remove sharp parts
    MIMOSA
    MOUNTAIN ASH - Sorbus
    MULBERRY - Morus - see Mulberry note
    NANDINA -common name is heavenly bamboo
    NORFOLK ISLAND PINE - Araucaria
    NUT TREES - exclude chestnut
    ORANGE - several sources lean toward safe
    OREGON GRAPE - Mahonia
    PALM
    PAPAYA
    PEAR
    PECAN
    PINE - Pinus: see Pine paragraph below
    PHOTINIA see Photinia paragraph below
    POPLAR - Populus
    PUSSY WILLOW - Salix
    RAPHIOLEPSIS - Indian Hawthorn
    RIBBONWOOD
    ROSE - Rosa
    RUBBER PLANT - Ficus elastica - Weeping Fig in bad column
    RUSSIAN OLIVE
    SASSAFRAS
    SILK TREE
    SPIRAEA
    SPRUCE - Picea
    STAGHORN SUMAC - see Sumac paragraph
    STRAWBERRY TREE - Arbutus like Madrone
    SWEET GUM
    SYCAMORE
    THURLOW
    TREE FERN
    VIBURNUM
    VINE MAPLE - Acer
    WEEPING WILLOW - Salix - see Willow paragraph
    WIEGELA
    YUCCA

    πηγή
     
  2. Ελευθερια Ρ

    Ελευθερια Ρ PB New Member

    Πολυ χρησιμες και ενδιαφεροντες πληροφοριες! Ευχαριστουμε κ.Σισσυ!!!:D
     
  3. Sissy

    Sissy PB Senior Member

    Ασφαλή
    Spider Plants
    These exotic looking plants are both easy to grow and safe for your feathered friends. A spider plant in a hanging basket can be an attractive decoration in any home. More »
    [​IMG]
    Nathan Blaney/Getty Images

    Jade Plants
    Jade Plants (also known as Money Plants) are a succulent variety that is safe for birds and adds a unique touch to any room. Easy to care for, they are a popular choice as low-maintenance houseplants.More »
    [​IMG]
    Photo © Leland Green

    Impatiens
    If you like colorful flowers, then you're in luck -- Impatiens come in virtually every color of the rainbow and are completely safe for birds. Don't be afraid to add some color to your living space with a basket of these easy to grow beauties. More »
    [​IMG]
    Emma Lee/Life File/Getty Images

    Boston Ferns
    These lush, hardy plants can offer an exotic looking touch to your decor. As a bonus, there's no need to worry if your pet parrot finds them as beautiful as you do -- they're completely non-toxic to birds!More »
    [​IMG]
    Photo (c) PlayfulLibrarian/Flickr

    Aloe Vera Plants
    Not only are Aloe Vera plants safe and non-toxic, they actually have medicinal qualities that can help both birds and people. Throw in the fact that they are a snap to take care of and it's easy to see why Aloe has been a popular houseplant for many years. More »
    [​IMG]
    Steve Taylor/Getty Images
     
  4. Sissy

    Sissy PB Senior Member

    Ασφαλή συνέχεια...

    Bamboo Plants
    Bamboo is a striking plant that is also quite hardy and safe for birds. Bamboo can be incorporated into many beautiful arrangements to give any space a safe and attractive touch of nature. More »
    [​IMG]
    Trinette Reed/Getty Images

    African Violets
    Feel free to keep these small but beautiful flowers anywhere inside your home. They are completely non-toxic and safe for your feathered friends! African Violets are known to flower several times a year, so add one of these little jewels to your collection for an enduring splash of color.More »

    [​IMG]
    Darrin Klimek/Getty Images

    Hen and Chicks Plants
    The appropriately named Hen and Chicks plants are a bird-safe succulent that thrives in direct sunlight. If you'd like to enjoy one of these unique little plants, make sure you have a nice sunny window to set them in! More »

    [​IMG]
    David Sanger/Getty Images

    Orchids
    Known for their beautiful blossoms, Orchids have enjoyed great popularity as houseplants for some time. Non-toxic and safe for birds, they are a good choice for bird owners who are experienced in keeping plants -- these flowers are notoriously hard to grow! More »

    [​IMG]
    Digital Vision/Getty Images

    Roses
    While roses aren't normally grown indoors, they are popular in indoor cut flower arrangements. The good news for bird owners is that roses are safe for birds as long as they haven't been treated with chemical sprays. If you love having fresh cut flowers in your home, try growing some of your own roses to make arrangements with. This way you can be sure that the flowers are free of pesticides or chemical residue.

    [​IMG]
    Alex Cao/Getty Images

    πηγή
     
  5. Sissy

    Sissy PB Senior Member

    Τοξικά

    Jasmine
    Jasmine flowers are beautiful and fragrant, but they can pose a serious health hazard to parrots and other pet birds. Bird owners should avoid bringing any Jasmine flowers into their homes.More »
    [​IMG]
    Carlina Teteris/Moment/Getty Images

    Daffodil
    Daffodils are popular and cheery spring flowers, but they can spell trouble for your pet bird. Their bright yellow color can attract parrots although they are highly toxic. Keep Daffodils out of your home for the safety of any pet birds. More »
    [​IMG]
    Digital Vision/Getty Images

    Holly
    Holly is a great decoration for holiday festivities, but its leaves and berries can be deadly for your feathered friend. Opt for synthetic holly in your holiday decorations to keep your pet bird healthy and safe. More »
    [​IMG]
    Thomas Northcut/Getty Images

    Honeysuckle
    Fragrant and beautiful, the delicate honeysuckle seems an unlikely threat to pet birds. Their leaves and flowers, however, are toxic to parrots, and can cause serious health problems or even death. Keep honeysuckles away for your bird's safety. More »
    [​IMG]
    Photo (c) Pizzo Disevo

    Ivy
    Lush, green Ivy is popular as a decoration in many homes. While it does add a beautiful accent to a room's decor, some types of Ivy can be deadly to any pet birds that share your home. Steer clear of any Ivy variety to make sure that your bird stays safe. More »
    [​IMG]
    John Foxx/Getty Images

    Lillies
    There are many types of Lillies, all beautiful and popular in flower arrangements. Bird owners should keep an eye out for lilies, however, as their flowers and leaves are extremely poisonous to pet birds. Make sure to remove any lillies, even Peace Lillies, from the areas that your bird has access
    [​IMG]
    Maria Mosolova/Getty Images
     
  6. Sissy

    Sissy PB Senior Member

    Τοξικά συνέχεια..

    Parsley
    This popular herb is easy to grow, and many people raise parsley in small indoor herb gardens for use in cooking. If you are a bird owner, however, it would probably be best to leave parsley out of your recipes. It is highly toxic to pet birds and can cause serious health problems leading to death. More »

    [​IMG]
    Rosemary Calvert/Getty Images

    Poinsettia
    These beautiful plants are often the centerpiece of holiday festivities. If you own birds, though, you may want to opt for a safer decoration -- Poinsettias are not only poisonous to birds, but to other pets, and people as well. More »
    [​IMG]
    Diane Macdonald/Getty Images

    Mistletoe
    Another popular holiday plant, Mistletoe can be deadly to pet birds. Both the leaves and berries are toxic to our feathered friends, so it may be best to skip the mistletoe and get our kisses the old fashioned way next time the holidays roll around. More »
    [​IMG]
    Stockbyte/Getty Images

    Morning Glory
    The flowers and leaves of this popular vine are pleasant to look at, but can pose a serious threat to your pet bird's health. For your bird's safety, don't bring any Morning Glories into the house. Their colorful flowers can spell disaster for your bird if he or she gets to them. More »
    [​IMG]
    Nathan Blaney/Getty Images

    πηγή
     
  7. Sissy

    Sissy PB Senior Member

  8. evans

    evans PB Member

    Πολυ ενδιαδερον και ομορφο σισσυ.Επισης οπως ειδα πιο πανω λεει οτι τα μπαμπου ειναι ασφαλη γινεται να τα κανω πατηθρες;
     
  9. George98

    George98 PB Active Member

    πολύ ωραίο θέμα το χρειαζόταν το φόρουμ... ευχαριστούμε Σισσυ
     
  10. Sissy

    Sissy PB Senior Member

    Εφόσον τα μπαμπού κατατάσσονται στα ασφαλή φυτά Βαγγέλη μπορείς να φτιάξεις πατήθρες...αλλά....
    Συνήθως προτιμάμε άλλα ξύλα πιο ''γεμάτα''-κρουστά. γι αυτή τη δουλειά. Αυτό το κενό που έχει το μπαμπού (καλάμι) μέσα στο κέντρο του μπορεί να γίνει εστία για διάφορα παράσιτα από κάποια ρωγμή στην επιφάνεια..
    Κάποιο άλλο είδος ξύλου άλλωστε θα προσφέρει διαφορετικές διαστάσεις διαμέτρου στο ίδιο κλαδί (έτσι αναγκαστικά το πουλί ανοιγοκλείνει τις πατούσες του), κάτι που στο μπαμπού δεν προσφέρεται.
     
  11. Φοίβος

    Φοίβος PB Supporter Article Writer

    Επίσης το μπαμπού γλιστράει πολύ και θα δυσκολεύει το πουλί να σταθεί.
     
  12. maria p

    maria p PB Supporter PBCP Contributor

    Σίσσυ μου τελικά την ίδια σκέψη είχαμε, σήμερα εντόπισα το θέμα σου, ψάχνοντας να βρω αν έχουμε πληροφορίες για το canary grass νομίζω :)
    Έλειπα όταν το είχες αναρτήσει. Κάποια από τα links σου, τα έχω χρησιμοποιήσει κι εγώ στις διασταυρώσεις μου μεταξύ κάποιων άλλων.
    Ωραία δουλειά!
     
  13. Sissy

    Sissy PB Senior Member

  14. maria p

    maria p PB Supporter PBCP Contributor

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